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1) Dental caries: It is the disease where bacterial processes damage hard tooth structure
(enamel, dentin and cementum). These tissues breakdown producing dental caries. If left
untreated the disease can lead to pain, tooth loss and infection. When we eat sugary foods and
other carbohydrates, the bacteria use them as the food too and produce acids that can dissolve
tooth enamel. Once the decay breaks through the enamel to cause a cavity the damage is
permanent. Left untreated the decay will get worse and destroys a tooth all the way.
2) Pulpitis– It is the painful inflammation of the pulp. Mainly caused by bacterial infection which
itself is a secondary development of caries. Increased sensitivity to stimuli (hot and cold) is the
common symptom. There are classified in two categories:
» Acute pulpitis: In this there is rapid spread of inflammation through pulp with pain + necrosis.
Severe pain elicited by thermal stimulus and pain persists even after the removal of stimuli.
» Chronic pulpitis: In this there is persistent inflammatory reaction in pulp with little or no
symptoms. The etiological factor is previous acute pulpitis and chronic dental caries.
3) Periodontitis: It is a serious gum infection that damages the gums and can destroy the
jawbone. It is caused by the bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on your teeth and
gums. As periodontitis progresses the bones and teeth can be damaged. However, if it is
treated early and proper oral hygiene is maintained, the damage can be stopped. Red, swollen
or tender gums, receding gums or loose teeth are some of the warning signs of periodontitis.
4)  Malocclusion: It is usually an inherited condition where there is misalignment of upper and
lower teeth as the jaw closes. There are three major classes of malocclusion.
» Class 1 malocclusion is the most common. The bite is normal, but the upper teeth slightly
overlap the lower teeth.
» Class 2 malocclusion occurs when a severe overbite is present. This causes the upper teeth to

overlap the lower teeth.
» Class 3 malocclusion is when there’s a severe underbite. This causes the lower teeth to
overlap the upper teeth.

5) Impaction– Sometimes there is not enough space in the mouth for the wisdom tooth to
erupt. This causes the tooth to become impacted. It could potentially become problematic if
not extracted. Type of impactions include:
» "Soft tissue" impaction where the upper portion of the wisdom tooth has penetrated through
the bone but not yet erupted through the gum.
» "Hard tissue" impaction is when the tooth lies within the jawbone. It can be-
⊙ Mesioangular impaction (44%) is the most common form where the tooth is angled forward,
towards the front of the mouth.
⊙ Vertical impaction (38%) occurs when the tooth does not erupt fully through the gum line.
⊙ Distoangular impaction (6%) means the tooth is angled backward, away from the mouth.
⊙ Horizontal impaction (3%) is the least common form, which occurs when the tooth is angled
fully ninety degrees sideways, growing into the roots of the second molar.
6) Dental fluorosis
Most permanent teeth form between the age of 5 and 8 in children. And if you happen to
notice any white spots on your child’s teeth, it could be a sign of dental fluorosis, an extremely
common cosmetic disorder caused by overexposure to fluoride during the first eight years life.
Teeth affected by fluorosis may appear mildly discolored and other symptoms include tiny
white specks or dark brown stains and rough, pitted enamel that is difficult to clean. At Smilon,
we have just the right treatment plans to make sure that your child’s beautiful smile is
unaffected!

7) TMJ disorders
This disorder can cause pain in your jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement.
The pain can be due to a combination of factors including genetics, arthritis or jaw injury. Some
others can be in pain because they tend to clench or grind their teeth. In most cases, the pain
and discomfort associated with TMJ disorders is temporary and can be relieved with self-
managed care or nonsurgical treatments. Surgery is done only when other conservative
measures have failed. Seek medical attention if you have persistent pain or tenderness in your
jaw, or if you can't open or close your jaw completely. Smilon offers some of the best treatment
options for TMJ disorders.
8) Precancerous lesion: It is a morphologically altered tissue in which cancer is more likely to
occur than its apparently normal counterpart. Some of these lesions that are more likely to
develop oral cancer includes- leukoplakia, erythroplakia, palatal lesion of reverse cigar smoking,
oral lichen planus, oral submucous fibrosis, discoid lupus erythematosus, and hereditary
disorders such as dyskeratosis congenital and epidermolysis bullosa.


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No tobacco day is observed around the world every year on May 31st. The aim of highlighting this day is to create awareness among people regarding the hazards of tobacco to overall health of the individual. It is intended to encourage persons consuming tobacco to quit the habit.

Tobacco is available in different forms. Tobacco consumption in the form of smoking is the most common among youngsters as well as old age. It is available in the form of cigarettes, cigar or beedi. The nicotine and carbon monoxide released from the smoke are extremely harmful components that may damage the lungs causing respiratory problems and lung cancer. Smoking has an effect on heart and brain as well, several studies have proposed that tobacco consumption is one of the major causes for heart attack and stroke, About 1 in 5 patients with heart problems are related to smoking.

Since last few years the market availability and consumption of different forms of smokeless tobacco have greatly enhanced. They are available as chewable snuff that is placed in mouth for longer time and spitted off. This form of tobacco contains products like arecoline, catechins and tannins which are responsible for the destruction of teeth and soft tissues of oral cavity. These components causes premalignant lesions that may ultimately lead to oral cancer. This is one of the ignored aspect of health due to lack of awareness among public. The individuals using any form of tobacco are at greater risk of oral cancer. Along with systemic conditions like respiratory diseases and heart illness, oral cancer is among the common causes of death in India.

It is time we should change the global scenario. The incidence of diseases can be reduced mainly by prevention and avoiding causative factors. Cessation of tobacco consumption will be a great achievement for the well being of society.

 

Say No to Tobacco and improve your health for a lifetime…

 

Dr. AMINA
MDSOralmedicine Radiology


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TOP 6 BENEFITS OF INVISIBLE BRACES

Invisible braces have surely emerged as the Next Gen innovation and have already transformed the smiles of over 2 million people globally. They are useful in fixing a wide range of teeth alignment issues.

Getting your teeth straightened is one thing, and doing it in STYLE is another!

Celebrities define their fashion statement by embracing this exceptional approach for teeth straightening. Although, clear aligners amount to a price triple that of conventional braces, they provide you an assurance of offering you the most bang of your buck.

The most appealing part of invisible braces is that these braces align your teeth by staying practically inconspicuous throughout the treatment. These classy clear appliances are never an esthetic impediment while posing for a selfie or delivering a motivational speech!

Apart from being extremely aesthetic, these are few other reasons why invisible aligners are worth every single penny you pay-

Best Clear Aligners Specialist FMS DENTAL Hyderabad India

  1. Perfect Prediction of Outcome

As the whole procedure of invisible braces is digitized, the orthodontist guides you through a digital road map that helps you preview your brand new smile even before the treatment begins. 

  1. Awesome Fit and Feel

Each set of aligners undergoes through a meticulous process of detailed customization to give you a comfy fit and a. natural feel. As they are fabricated by utilizing top notch technology, the clear trays come with a smooth finish and eliminate the scope of bruises inside the mouth (as compared to its conventional counterpart!).

  1. Boosted Self-confidence

The wearers of invisible braces have testified to have experienced a definite enhancement in self-confidence levels. Now you can never put a price on that!

  1. Hassle-free Oral Hygiene Maintenance

Besides being crystal clear, the invisible braces can be easily taken off and put back by the wearer. This makes the hygiene maintenance part super-easy as one can brush and floss the teeth just like how it’s done normally.

  1. Works well for Nomadic Professionals

Invisible braces come extremely handy for those who have a nomadic career like IT professionals. This is because the entire sequence of clear aligners is handed over to the wearer right in the beginning along with the directions of use. As their occupation demands travel most of the time, conventional braces are little uncomfortable for them.

  1. No need for Dietary Constraints

There is no need to keep yourself away from the foods you relish the most as diet is not at all an issue when it comes to invisible braces. After removing the aligners from the mouth you can chew foods of all kinds unlike conventional braces where there is always a risk of dislodging the wire components on chewing hard and crunchy foods.

Overall, invisible braces certainly works in a discreet manner to correct teeth alignment and deliver gorgeous smiles. Are you ready to witness the change that you had always dreamt of? Consult your orthodontist to know if invisible braces are ideal for you or not.


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GUMMY SMILE?

Do you feel that your gums are the first thing people notice when you smile? Does your smile reveal more of gums than teeth? You may be having a Gummy smile, the term used to describe the smile of a person when the gums are displayed more than usual.

When the distance between the gum line and the upper lip is more than 3 to 4 mm, it is perceived as an excessive display of gums. Over-display of gums can have a detrimental impact on smile aesthetics and can be a cause for low self-esteem.

What are the reasons for a gummy smile?

  • Improper eruption causing the gums to cover more of the teeth surface
  • Smaller teeth due to genetic predisposition or physiological wear
  • Short upper lip
  • Hyperactive upper lip
  • Gums enlargement
  • Protruding upper jaw

So now you know that your teeth, lips and gums are like pieces of smile puzzle that should fall in correct proportion to each other for optimum esthetics.

Can a gummy smile be fixed?

Yes, a gummy smile can be fixed!

The treatment approach depends on the underlying cause. Here are some of the simple ways of fixing a gummy smile.

  1. CROWN LENGTHENING WITH ENAMEL RECONTOURING

    In cases, where the eruption process is the cause, crown lengthening is the best procedure for correction. During this process, the extra gum tissue covering the tooth is removed thereby exposing more of the tooth surface. This makes the crown (visible surface of tooth) look elongated and reduces the extent of gum display as well. Through enamel recontouring, the tooth length is brought into the right proportion so that the crown dimensions are in proportion with the face.

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  1. CROWN LENGTHENING WITH VENEERS/LAMINATES OR DENTAL CROWNS

    Small-sized teeth can be fixed by options like dental crowns and dental veneers/laminates.

  1. GUM CONTOURING

    The surgical removal of enlarged gums and reshaping is called gum contouring and it leads to a remarkable enhancement in the appearance of the smile. Lasers, when used for gum contouring, eliminate the need to go under the knife thereby making the procedure bloodless and also cause faster healing than conventional gum contouring procedure.

     

  1. BOTOX

    Botox (Type A botulinum toxin) is a neuromodulator and is being used extensively in cosmetic procedures like wrinkle corrections. Botox is used effectively to treat gummy smile caused by a short or a hyperactive upper lip. Even though botox turns out to be more affordable than surgery, one drawback is that the results are of short term and last for around three to eight months only. The botox injections weaken the hyperactive lip muscle thereby minimizing the excess lifting of upper lip while smiling.

In some situations, the above mentioned procedures may not suffice and surgical correction of gummy smile may be needed. Lip repositioning/lengthening and orthognathic surgery are the two most common techniques of correcting a gummy smile.

So, when there are so many treatment options to get rid of a gummy smile why to live with it anymore! Consult your periodontist to know which option suits you the most.


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The term dental care though often confined to brushing, flossing of teeth, teeth sensitivity and teeth decay. It is the very beginning of oral care. Clinical dentistry is as deep as an ocean as it is a blend of profound scientific evaluation and art in the form of esthetic requirements. The modern orofacial care not only involves teeth and gums but also includes cheek mucosa, tongue, palate, lips, head and neck region. The infection in the teeth could remain limited to specific tooth or in a progressive degradation of the disease may spread across the entire orofacial region.

This is because the structures in the orofacial region are closely related to each other and nourished by high vascular supply. The orofacial region resulting in complex disease pattern may involve multi-disciplinary approach which only advanced orofacial centre like Smilon Dental Care can bring in a systematic mode.

 

The oral cavity has been described as a window into general health of the patient, it is the intersection of medicine and dentistry. Hundreds of diseases and medications impact the oral cavity and pathologic conditions in the mouth may have a greater systemic impact. Several studies have demonstrated that poor oral hygiene have strong association with the risk of coronary heart disease and acute myocardial infarction. Similarly, swollen and receding gums can be an early sign of diabetes and a dentist may be the first to notice and inform you about these symptoms. Hence, it becomes imperative to have routine dental check ups for preventive care and maintainance of overall health.

Since years there has been lack of awareness and knowledge about dental care. Limited access to primary dental care and financial restrains could be a reason for negligence among certain people that prevents them from engaging the treatment on time resulting in worsening of the condition. Apart from negligence few people suffer from “dental phobia”. It is either a result of stress and anxiety disorders or due to a bad experience during  previous dental visits. Smilon Dental Careintends to manage such cases by psychological counselling of the patient to overcome their fears so that dental treatment becomes a pleasant experience.

In modern era prime importance is given to esthetics during personality evaluation in the society. Hence one cannot overlook the most significant aspect which are the face and the smile. The basic conditions like discoloration of teeth and gums, decayed teeth, fracture or loss of teeth and irregularity in teeth arrangement should be taken care primarily as these may effect your facial appearance and daily routine activities. The advancement in the management of dental care is at its peak today. All these latest treatment modalities are offered to patients at Smilon Dental Carethrough ergonomic costs,cutting edge technology and compassion in treatment formulation.

In addition to the above mentioned dental conditions, our focus also revolves around potentially serious diseases like jaw deformities, cleft lip and palate, premalignant lesions and oral cancer. These are the most ignored aspects of dental care and needs to be included in routine oral screening. Smilon Dental Care has expertise in management of all these conditions under one roof.

We request you to visit Smilon Dental Care and experience a new era in the field of orofacial care, so that you are rewarded by eternal smile and a pleasant bond with a dentist.

 

Dr. MEHROZAMENA
MDSOralmedicine Radiology


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